Tissues are groups of specialized cells that work together to perform specific functions in multicellular organisms. The utility of tissues in multicellular organisms is that they allow for division of labor among cells, which enhances the efficiency of biological processes.
Tissues can be broadly classified into four types: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissues. Epithelial tissues cover the surfaces of the body and line the internal organs, providing protection, secretion, and absorption. Connective tissues provide structural support, connect and anchor organs, and transport materials throughout the body. Muscle tissues are responsible for movement and contraction, while nervous tissues transmit electrical signals and coordinate communication between different parts of the body.
By organizing cells into specialized tissues, multicellular organisms can perform a wide range of complex functions, such as digestion, circulation, movement, and sensation. The coordinated activity of different tissues allows for the efficient exchange of nutrients, gases, and waste products, and enables the organism to adapt and respond to changing environments.