Kharif crop is a type of crop that is sown in the rainy season or monsoon season and harvested in the autumn season. It is also known as the summer or monsoon crop. The Kharif season in India typically lasts from June to September, and the crops that are grown during this season require a good amount of water and warm temperatures.
Some of the major Kharif crops grown in India include rice, maize, millets, sorghum, cotton, soybean, sugarcane, groundnut, and pulses like pigeon pea, black gram, and green gram. These crops are primarily grown in regions with high rainfall and fertile soils.
Kharif crops play a significant role in India’s agricultural economy, as they contribute to the country’s food security and provide livelihoods to millions of farmers. The success of Kharif crops is heavily dependent on the arrival and distribution of monsoon rains, and any irregularity in the rainfall pattern can have a significant impact on the yield and quality of these crops.